World's RAREST Gemstones and Minerals Ever Seen

author Talltanic   4 нед. назад

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"Rubies from Montepuez, Mozambique" by GIA

In this video, you’ll explore Mozambique’s Montepuez ruby deposit with GIA’s dedicated field gemology team. First, you’ll see how the legal owner of the mining rights—Montepuez Ruby Mining (MRM), a subsidiary of the Gemfields corporation—works the area in steps from prospecting through separating the rubies from the ore, to sorting and eventual sale at their Singapore rough auction. In the second part you’ll also catch a glimpse of a day in the life of the thousands of unlicensed miners—garimpeiros—who conduct unauthorized mining in the MRM-owned area. Since spring 2009, this east African country has emerged as the world’s leading ruby source. As Field Gemologist Vincent Pardieu says of the Montepuez ruby deposit: “I have never seen any place where you have this combination of quantity, nice color, and nice clarity.” Every gem miner dreams of finding a big stone one day. “The garimpeiros here, most of them are local (meaning Mozambican) people,” explains Pardieu, “but there are also some Tanzanians here who are working with them. And the Tanzanians have a very good knowledge of ruby mining because you have ruby mining in Tanzania for more than 50 years.” You’ll see the conditions garimpeiros work under—the pits, the dirt—the rubies they find and how they live, and visit a garimpeiro village. Finally, you’ll visit foreign buyers in Montepuez, which, Pardieu explains, consist of “about 500 to 600 Thai people and about 100 people from Sri Lanka.” The cash gained by these buyers provides the economic impetus for continuing unauthorized mining inside the MRM perimeter. This GIA Field Expedition (FE56) took place in September 2014. Besides Pardieu, the participants were cameraman Didier Gruel, Field Gemologist Andy Lucas, Gems & Gemology Technical Editor Dr. Tao Hsu, and Field Gemologist trainee Stanislas Detroyat.

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There are some beautiful, rare, and valuable gemstones out there and the sums of money that people will pay for them are really incredible. Which are the most valuable though? Which stones are considered the most rare and where do we get our hands on them? We’ll try to answer those questions and fill you in a little bit about these precious stones on our list of World’s Rarest Gemstones!

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5. Tanzanite
This amazingly beautiful, blue variation of zoisite, a mineral, is found in one area, and a small area it is. Oh, and we forgot to mention that the area in which they are located is at the base of Mount Kilimanjaro! It wasn’t until the 1960’s that the precious stones were found in commercial quantities, so up until then it was a really unknown thing. But, thanks to Tiffany & Co, the popularity of tanzanite has grown substantially. Most tanzanites are heat treated to improve and bring out their blue coloration; however, any un-heat treated, naturally strong blue-colored stones are worth a pretty penny! Someday Tanzanite, like all tanzanite, will probably be worth that pretty penny as well, considering right now it only comes from one location in the world, and once those mines are depleted, there will be no new tanzanite hitting the market. So if you’ve got some now, hold onto it, and pray that it never pops up elsewhere on earth!

4. Painite
Back in 1951, British geologist, Arthur Charles Davy Pain, discovered painite, but it wasn’t until 1957 that it would be officially recognized as a new mineral. When it was confirmed as new, it was named after him, as seems to be the tradition of discovery. It’s made up of aluminum, oxygen, boron, zirconium, and aluminum, and it also contains tiny amounts of vanadium and chromium, which give it its color. It was actually the rarest gemstone in the entire world for a long time considering there was only one known specimen in the entire world, and it was kept in the British Museum in London. Over time, more and more gemstones were found, and by 2004, there were a bunch; however, the number still did not exceed two dozen. In more recent years, mines in Myanmar have produced painite, and the known number of stones is now closer to 1,000, but it’s still really rare. Stones weighing in at just one carat can go for more than $60,000, making it one sought after gemstone.

3. Grandidierite
So, this scarce stone was first found in Madagascar by one Alfred Lacroix, a French mineralogist, who then went on to describe it in 1902, and named it in honor of Alfred Grandidier, a French explorer who was an expert in Madagascan history. It has been found in multiple places throughout the world; however, only stones that have come from Sri Lanka and Madagascar have produced stones that are gem-quality. Most grandidierite are translucent, but the rarer specimens are more transparent, with the most valuable being wholly transparent. The gemstone was actually confused with serendibite, another stone, because grandidierite of that transparency and color had not yet been seen. An expert did an analysis and confirmed that it was, in fact, grandidierite, and the gem was sold for an undisclosed amount of money. Wouldn’t you just love to have a stone you think is one thing and then it turns out to be one even more rare and more valuable? The luck of some people….

2. Red Beryl
This beautiful, rare little gemstone is, in fact, so rare that the Utah Geological Society estimates that just one specimen is uncovered per every 150,000 gem-quality diamonds. It used to go by the name red bixbite and was first marketed as a red emerald. Using the term emerald to sell the beryl today is prohibited considering the red beryl is not an emerald, although the emerald is a variety of beryl. Pure beryl itself is entirely colorless, and the gems only gain color through impurities inside; manganese inside of a beryl will give it a red coloration, creating the red beryl that is found only in Mexico, New Mexico, and Utah. They are typically too small to be cut and used and generally weigh less than a carat. Any red beryl weighing more than two to three carats would be considered an exceptional stone and would be worth quite a bit considering its rarity. It’s not only rare, but it’s beautiful. Too bad we’ll probably never see one in person!


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