Dr Tara McHugh - New Sustainable Processing Technologies to Produce Healthy, Value-Added Foods

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Next Frontier: Mango value addition

This being a mango season, farmers in most parts of the country are struggling to find market for their mangos due to the current glut. But farmers in Thara Nithi, Embu and Meru are smiling all the way to the bank because of a new mango processing plant that has been set up on their doorsteps. SUBSCRIBE to our YouTube channel for more great videos: https://www.youtube.com/ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/KTNNews Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/KTNNewsKenya For more great content go to http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/ktnnews and download our apps: http://std.co.ke/apps/#android KTN News is a leading 24-hour TV channel in Eastern Africa with its headquarters located along Mombasa Road, at Standard Group Centre. This is the most authoritative news channel in Kenya and beyond.

Butterfly farming in Papua New Guinea

The southern highlands of Papua New Guinea contain lush rain forests and spectacular landscapes, but for all of its natural beauty, life in a picture postcard can be remarkably tough. While basic essentials such as food can be grown in the village gardens or found in the forests, in order to access modern medicines and technology you need cash. The temptation is always to exploit in some of the natural capital in the local forests, for example by allowing in logging companies. As with most of PNG, the land here belongs to the locals via traditional customary title. It is their land and their decision about how best to utilise the resources they own. The challenge is to find a way to obtain the cash they need in a way that will be sustainable into the future. In 1993 the ABC program A Question of Survival reported on an innovative and sustainable approach to this problem of cash – butterfly farming. Papua New Guinea has some of the largest and most beautiful butterflies in the world. These are highly prized by collectors and valuable on the export market. The principle of butterfly farming is simple. Encourage more butterflies by enriching their habitat with the plants they prefer, and protecting the caterpillars as they munch their way to the pupae stage. The process is sustainable, good for bush habitat protection and profitable for the growers. (c) Australian Broadcasting Corporation http://abc.net.au/science

A Step Saving Kitchen 1949 United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Color

more at http://kitchen.quickfound.net The USDA describes and demonstrates the results of their efforts to develop a modern "step-saving" kitchen. NEW VERSION with improved video & sound: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RF3JAY8Gyz4 Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kitchen A kitchen is a room or part of a room used for cooking and food preparation. In the West, a modern residential kitchen is typically equipped with a stove, a sink with hot and cold running water, a refrigerator and kitchen cabinets arranged according to a modular design. Many households have a microwave oven, a dishwasher and other electric appliances. The main function of a kitchen is cooking or preparing food but it may also be used for dining, food storage, entertaining, dishwashing and laundry... History The evolution of the kitchen is linked to the invention of the cooking range or stove and the development of water infrastructure capable of supplying water to private homes. Until the 18th century, food was cooked over an open fire. Technical advances in heating food in the 18th and 19th centuries, changed the architecture of the kitchen. Before the advent of modern pipes, water was brought from an outdoor source such as wells, pumps or springs. Antiquity The houses in Ancient Greece were commonly of the atrium-type: the rooms were arranged around a central courtyard for women. In many such homes, a covered but otherwise open patio served as the kitchen. Homes of the wealthy had the kitchen as a separate room... In the Roman Empire, common folk in cities often had no kitchen of their own; they did their cooking in large public kitchens. Some had small mobile bronze stoves, on which a fire could be lit for cooking. Wealthy Romans had relatively well-equipped kitchens... Middle Ages Early medieval European longhouses had an open fire under the highest point of the building. The "kitchen area" was between the entrance and the fireplace. In wealthy homes there was typically more than one kitchen... In the larger homesteads of European nobles, the kitchen was sometimes in a separate sunken floor building to keep the main building, which served social and official purposes, free from indoor smoke. The first known stoves in Japan date from about the same time. The earliest findings are from the Kofun period (3rd to 6th century). These stoves, called kamado, were typically made of clay and mortar; they were fired with wood or charcoal through a hole in the front and had a hole in the top, into which a pot could be hanged by its rim. This type of stove remained in use for centuries to come... Colonial America... Technological advances during industrialization brought major changes to the kitchen. Iron stoves, which enclosed the fire completely and were more efficient, appeared. Early models included the Franklin stove around 1740, which was a furnace stove intended for heating, not for cooking. Benjamin Thompson in England designed his "Rumford stove" around 1800. This stove was much more energy efficient than earlier stoves; it used one fire to heat several pots, which were hung into holes on top of the stove and were thus heated from all sides instead of just from the bottom. However, his stove was designed for large kitchens; it was too big for domestic use. The "Oberlin stove" was a refinement of the technique that resulted in a size reduction; it was patented in the U.S. in 1834 and became a commercial success with some 90,000 units sold over the next 30 years. These stoves were still fired with wood or coal. Although the first gas street lamps were installed in Paris, London, and Berlin at the beginning of the 1820s and the first U.S. patent on a gas stove was granted in 1825, it was not until the late 19th century that using gas for lighting and cooking became commonplace in urban areas... The Hoosier Manufacturing Co. of Indiana adapted an existing furniture piece, the baker's cabinet, which had a similar structure of a table top with some cabinets above it (and frequently flour bins beneath) to solve the storage problem. By rearranging the parts and taking advantage of (then) modern metal working, they were able to produce a well-organized, compact cabinet which answered the home cook's needs for storage and working space. A distinctive feature of the Hoosier cabinet is its accessories. As originally supplied, they were equipped with various racks and other hardware to hold and organize spices and various staples...

Pulsed light technology for disinfecting drinking water

Prof Neil Rowan, Director, Bioscience Research Institute, talks about an EPA-funded collaborative research project between AIT and NUI Galway, which has developed high-intensity pulsed light as a novel technology for disinfecting drinking water.

Ben Carson Does 'Not Advocate' A Muslim As President (Full Interview) | Meet The Press | NBC News

Republican presidential candidate Dr. Ben Carson tells Chuck Todd that the faith of a presidential candidate should matter to voters "if it is inconsistent with the values … of America." » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews NBC News is a leading source of global news and information. Here you will find clips from NBC Nightly News, Meet The Press, and our original series Debunker, Flashback, Nerdwatch, and Show Me. Subscribe to our channel for news stories, technology, politics, health, entertainment, science, business, and exclusive NBC investigations. Connect with NBC News Online! Visit NBCNews.Com: http://nbcnews.to/ReadNBC Find NBC News on Facebook: http://nbcnews.to/LikeNBC Follow NBC News on Twitter: http://nbcnews.to/FollowNBC Follow NBC News on Google+: http://nbcnews.to/PlusNBC Follow NBC News on Instagram: http://nbcnews.to/InstaNBC Follow NBC News on Pinterest: http://nbcnews.to/PinNBC Ben Carson Does 'Not Advocate' A Muslim As President (Full Interview) | Meet The Press | NBC News

Dr. McHugh has authored over 105 peer reviewed publications and 9 patents. She has received a multitude of awards, including the Presidential Early Career Award in Science and Engineering and
two USDA Secretary Honors Awards. She currently leads a research unit in the USDA, Agricultural Research Service. Novel food products developed by her lab, including 100% fruit and vegetable bars, edible fruit and vegetable films, and vitamin D enhanced mushrooms, are increasing specialty crop consumption in the U.S. and benefiting human health. Novel sustainable technologies are also saving energy and water, while increasing utilization of food waste. These topics and more will be
unveiled in her presentation.

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