New process to extract autumn leaves

author VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd   1 год. назад

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How to Extract Essential Oils from Mint and other Herbs

Here is the distillation process used for extracting natural essential oils from plants like Spearmint. The oils are used for soap and other recipes. I am using a Essential Oil Steam Distillation Apparatus like this one:

OFFICIAL - Kakslauttanen Arctic Resort in wintertime

Kakslauttanen Arctic Resort is a unique vacation destination located in Finnish Lapland, 250 km / 155 miles north of the Arctic Circle. Our accommodation offering includes our world-famous glass igloos as well as premium kelo-glass igloos, snow igloos and cozy log cabins. We are one of the best places in the world to view the northern lights, with the season lasting eight months, from the end of August until the end of April.

Paula Cole - Autumn Leaves


Agarwood, also known as oud, oodh or agar, is a dark resinous heartwood that forms in Aquilaria and Gyrinops trees (large evergreens native to southeast Asia) when they become infected with a type of mould. Prior to infection, the heartwood is relatively light and pale coloured; however, as the infection progresses, the tree produces a dark aromatic resin in response to the attack, which results in a very dense, dark, resin embedded heartwood. The resin embedded wood is commonly called gaharu, jinko, aloeswood, agarwood, or oud (not to be confused with 'Bakhoor') and is valued in many cultures for its distinctive fragrance, and thus is used for incense and perfumes. One of the main reasons for the relative rarity and high cost of agarwood is the depletion of the wild resource. Since 1995 Aquilaria malaccensis, the primary source, has been listed in Appendix II (potentially threatened species) by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. In 2004 all Aquilaria species were listed in Appendix II; however, a number of countries have outstanding reservations regarding that listing. Oud (in Arabian 'oudh') is highly valued by perfumers for its sweet, woody, aromatic and complex scent. It is used in forms of oud oil (dehn al oud) or raisin (oud mubakhar). The oil of oud, whether extracted by distillation from wood, or by melting the raisin, is non-irritating and can be applied directly on the skin, or added in a perfume composition, most often as a base note. Billionaire Millionaire rich "super rich" mega wealth Monaco news Russian Greatest Best Russia Business private elite exclusive interior super rich Billionaire prince Saudi Arabia investor businessman CEO Forbes luxury Princess Monaco elite exclusive tycoon wealth Palace house home mansion yacht supercar wealthy "big boy toys" cash usd dubai money London Europe uk usa America high end expensive vip preview "cash money wealth" jet oud gold resin agarwood perfume aroma cologne dior chanel gucci 2014 2013 Due to its rarity, high demand, and the difficulty of harvesting it, oud oil is perhaps the most expensive oil in the world. Its value is estimated as 1.5 times of the value of gold, and it is sometimes referred to as 'liquid gold'. Long prized as a perfume ingredient in the Middle East and Europe, oud has recently made great gains in popularity in the West. Oud plays a starring role in several North American perfumes for women, including Pure Oud Eau by Killian, Oud Intense by Comptoir Sud Pacifique, Midnight Oud Eau de Parfum by Juliette Has a Gun, and Bond No. 9 New York Oud. It is also used in Sensuous by Estee Lauder, Twilight Woods by Bath & Body Works, Amouage Epic Woman by Amouage, and Daphne by Comme de Garcons.

Amazing autumn leaves in Kyoto.

京都の秋の紅葉 Kyoto is a magic and traditional place. Kyoto is conveniently accessible from both Tokyo and Osaka. From Osaka's Kansai International Airport, JR Rapid trains and airport limousines provide quick and easy transpotation. Kyoto, which has a thousand-plus temples and shrines, is a fascinating city. Most sightseeing spots are contained within a compact area at the bese of the mountains. Tofuku-ji Temple, Takao, Arashiyama, Ohara and Higashiyama, etc. are among the most popular spots for the maple blossom viewing. The month of november is the best season of the year for viewing the vibrant red maple leaves in Kyoto. Just as in spring when the cherry blossoms bloom, it is when the largest numbers of tourists visits Kyoto. As summer fades to autumn, the trees prepare for the winter months. The difference in afternoon and evening temperature climbs and the trees change from green to red and yellow. The most beautiful example of this change can be found in the maple. Japan is filled with maple trees and Japanese flock from all over to view then during the fall tourist season. In Japan, autumn leaf viewing is called, "Momiji-gari". This practice has a long history, having been enjoyed by noble families twelve-hundred years ago in the Heian Period. The colors and brilliance of the leaves changes from year to year, with rainfall and especially temperature influencing their hue. The greater the difference in evening and afternoon temperature, the more brilliant the reds and yellows become. The red leaves in the mountain region are particularly beautiful because of this difference in temperature. From the mountains to the plains, Kyoto is blessed with maples. You can usually enjoy the leaves here from the end of October until around December 10th.

Autumn leaves contain a range of interesting substances such as pigments, carbohydrates, lignings, proteins and compounds that inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd is developing leaf-processing technologies, which could be used for example by the cosmetic, textile and gardening industries. Liisa Nohynek and Suvi Häkkinen from VTT reporting.
Further information: Liisa Nohynek,

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