New process to extract autumn leaves

author VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd   1 год. назад
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New hot cell laboratories at VTT

The VTT Centre for Nuclear Safety in Espoo features brand-new multi-disciplinary laboratories and research facilities for radioactive materials. The modern hot cells offer safe nuclear R&D of irradiated materials. Take a look! For more information on our research: http://www.vttresearch.com/services/low-carbon-energy/nuclear-energy

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LUXURY PERFUME MORE EXPENSIVE THAN GOLD

Agarwood, also known as oud, oodh or agar, is a dark resinous heartwood that forms in Aquilaria and Gyrinops trees (large evergreens native to southeast Asia) when they become infected with a type of mould. Prior to infection, the heartwood is relatively light and pale coloured; however, as the infection progresses, the tree produces a dark aromatic resin in response to the attack, which results in a very dense, dark, resin embedded heartwood. The resin embedded wood is commonly called gaharu, jinko, aloeswood, agarwood, or oud (not to be confused with 'Bakhoor') and is valued in many cultures for its distinctive fragrance, and thus is used for incense and perfumes. One of the main reasons for the relative rarity and high cost of agarwood is the depletion of the wild resource. Since 1995 Aquilaria malaccensis, the primary source, has been listed in Appendix II (potentially threatened species) by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. In 2004 all Aquilaria species were listed in Appendix II; however, a number of countries have outstanding reservations regarding that listing. Oud (in Arabian 'oudh') is highly valued by perfumers for its sweet, woody, aromatic and complex scent. It is used in forms of oud oil (dehn al oud) or raisin (oud mubakhar). The oil of oud, whether extracted by distillation from wood, or by melting the raisin, is non-irritating and can be applied directly on the skin, or added in a perfume composition, most often as a base note. Billionaire Millionaire rich "super rich" mega wealth Monaco news Russian Greatest Best Russia Business private elite exclusive interior super rich Billionaire prince Saudi Arabia investor businessman CEO Forbes luxury Princess Monaco elite exclusive tycoon wealth Palace house home mansion yacht supercar wealthy "big boy toys" cash usd dubai money London Europe uk usa America high end expensive vip preview "cash money wealth" jet oud gold resin agarwood perfume aroma cologne dior chanel gucci 2014 2013 Due to its rarity, high demand, and the difficulty of harvesting it, oud oil is perhaps the most expensive oil in the world. Its value is estimated as 1.5 times of the value of gold, and it is sometimes referred to as 'liquid gold'. Long prized as a perfume ingredient in the Middle East and Europe, oud has recently made great gains in popularity in the West. Oud plays a starring role in several North American perfumes for women, including Pure Oud Eau by Killian, Oud Intense by Comptoir Sud Pacifique, Midnight Oud Eau de Parfum by Juliette Has a Gun, and Bond No. 9 New York Oud. It is also used in Sensuous by Estee Lauder, Twilight Woods by Bath & Body Works, Amouage Epic Woman by Amouage, and Daphne by Comme de Garcons.

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4 EZ ways to Organically Enhance your Garden Using Leaves Compost Mulch Mold

4 ways to Organically Enhance your Garden Using Leaves Compost Mulch Mold and more Today we are going to talk about a few ways you can improve your garden soil with fall leaves. Fall leaves are a great source of organic material and the essential trace elements your soil and plants need to thrive. During the fall collected leaves can be used in the following 4 ways. Prior to using the leaves it will significantly help if you break down the leaves using a lawn move, leaf blower set to collect or break them down using your hands. Often you can find bags of pre-shredded leaves on the curb side for collection. Mulching your garden soil will help continue to add organic material while suppressing weed growth and increasing water retention all while suppressing soil borne diseases. Earth worms will eat the mulch further enriching the soil food web. You can mulch any time of year making sure to keep the mulch from making direct contact with live plants during the growing season to prevent disease issues. Hot Compost is one of the fastest ways to enhance your garden soil The compost generated from a hot compost had far fewer diseases and volunteer seeds in it while providing bioavailable nutrients directly to your garden plants. It is simple to do and can be done any time of the year. Simply add roughly equal amounts of green and brown materials by weight or 1-3 ratio of green to brow material by volume. Let sit for 6-9 months over the winter and you should have some fantastic compost. Leaf mold is a much simpler method of using fall leaves to make a beautiful organic soil amendment. Simply pile leaves and keep the pile moist. Unlike a hot compost this process usually takes a year or more however you don’t need to add green material as the leaves will break down on their own. At the end you will end up with a fantastic leaf mold compost can be applied as a mulch or dug into the soil if you wish. Leaf mold is a fungal dominated compost adding humus to soil decreasing compaction and increasing water an nutrient retention. Winter Protection is important to prevent damage to your perennials leaves can be used in a 15cm or 6” layer to help trap air and insulate the soil from harsh winter temperature swings. Simply place the leaves around the base of the plants and leave until spring. In the spring once the threat of drastic drops in temperature has gone simply remove and place in the compost pile or leave a thinner layer of mulch. Alternates to fall leaves include clean or seedless straw or hay, dethatched grass or even shredded news paper This simple organic material is absolute gold for the garden. How do you like to use leaves in your garden? Some of my favorite childhood memories are of gardening with my parents and brothers. This channel is about low cost organic urban gardening in zone 3. I am by no means an expert gardener however I love to share my experiments and journey garden year round. Please feel free to join the conversation and if you think you might like this channel subscribe. Have a great day! Check us out on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/stephenlegaree14 Webpage: www.albertaurbangarden.ca Google +: google.com/+StephenLegaree Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AlbertaUrbanGarden Twitter: https://twitter.com/northern1485 Pintrest: http://www.pinterest.com/ABurbanGarden/

Autumn leaves contain a range of interesting substances such as pigments, carbohydrates, lignings, proteins and compounds that inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd is developing leaf-processing technologies, which could be used for example by the cosmetic, textile and gardening industries. Liisa Nohynek and Suvi Häkkinen from VTT reporting.
Further information: Liisa Nohynek, liisa.nohynek@vtt.fi

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