Potassium ores processing technologies by NPO Passat

author НПО Пассат   2 год. назад

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Potassium Hydroxide Dissolves Chicken To The Bone

I use caustic potassium lye, also known as caustic potash to dissolve chicken flesh. First I don the appropriate protective gear to deal with such a caustic solution. Then I pour out about 200 g of potassium hydroxide and add it to about 1.5 cups of water As I am adding the KOH the water instantly begins to boil as the KOH dissolving in water is highly exothermic. After I put in all of the KOH I measure the temperature of the water to be very near boiling, about 205°F. I then add the chicken wing into the caustic solution. I explain that the hydroxide ions will essentially turn the chicken into soap. This works by breaking down the fat molecules in the cell walls and turning them into glycerol and soap molecules. Watch the fat and meat slowly turn to gel as the potassium hydroxide reacts with the flesh. Eventually the entire chicken wing dissolves into a gelatinous mass. In the end I show the final product that used to be meat is a transparent soft gel. I do make a mistake some have pointed out by saying the cells of the chicken flesh have cell walls. Really I just mean the lipid bilayer (cell membrane). Not a true cell wall like in plant cells. Here is some more info on potassium hydroxide from Wikepedia: Along with sodium hydroxide (NaOH), this colorless solid is a prototypical strong base. It has many industrial and niche applications, most of which exploit its corrosive nature and its reactivity toward acids. An estimated 700,000 to 800,000 tonnes were produced in 2005. Approximately 100 times more NaOH than KOH is produced annually.[9] KOH is noteworthy as the precursor to most soft and liquid soaps as well as numerous potassium-containing chemicals. Potassium hydroxide can be found in pure form by reacting sodium hydroxide with impure potassium. It is usually sold as translucent pellets, which will become tacky in air because KOH is hygroscopic. Consequently, KOH typically contains varying amounts of water (as well as carbonates, see below). Its dissolution in water is strongly exothermic. Concentrated aqueous solutions are sometimes called potassium lyes. Even at high temperatures, solid KOH does not dehydrate readily.[10] Potassium hydroxide solutions with concentrations of approximately 0.5 to 2.0% are irritating when coming into contact with the skin, while concentrations higher than 2% are corrosive. Historically KOH was made by adding potassium carbonate (potash) to a strong solution of calcium hydroxide (slaked lime), leading to a metathesis reaction which caused calcium carbonate to precipitate, leaving potassium hydroxide in solution: Ca(OH)2 + K2CO3 → CaCO3 + 2 KOH Filtering off the precipitated calcium carbonate and boiling down the solution gives potassium hydroxide ("calcinated or caustic potash"). It was the most important method of producing potassium hydroxide until the late 19th century, when it was largely replaced by the current method of electrolysis of potassium chloride solutions.[9] The method is analogous to the manufacture of sodium hydroxide (see chloralkali process): 2 KCl + 2 H2O → 2 KOH + Cl2 + H2 Hydrogen gas forms as a by-product on the cathode; concurrently, an anodic oxidation of the chloride ion takes place, forming chlorine gas as a by-product. Separation of the anodic and cathodic spaces in the electrolysis cell is essential for this process. USES KOH and NaOH can be used interchangeably for a number of applications, although in industry, NaOH is preferred because of its lower cost. ike sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide attracts numerous specialized applications, virtually all of which rely on its properties as a strong chemical base with its consequent ability to degrade many materials. For example, in a process commonly referred to as "chemical cremation" or "resomation," potassium hydroxide hastens the decomposition of soft tissues, both animal and human, to leave behind only the bones and other hard tissues.[19] Entomologists wishing to study the fine structure of insect anatomy may use a 10% aqueous solution of KOH to apply this process.[20] In chemical synthesis, the choice between the use of KOH and the use of sodium hydroxide, NaOH, is guided by the solubility of the resulting salt. The corrosive properties of potassium hydroxide make it a useful ingredient in agents and preparations that clean and disinfect surfaces and materials that can themselves resist corrosion by KOH.[21] KOH is also used for semiconductor chip fabrication. Potassium hydroxide is often the main active ingredient in chemical "cuticle removers" used in manicure treatments. Because aggressive bases like KOH damage the cuticle of the hair shaft, potassium hydroxide is used to chemically assist the removal of hair from animal hides. The hides are soaked for several hours in a solution of KOH and water to prepare them for the unhairing stage of the tanning process. This same effect is also used to weaken human hair in preparation for shaving.

Purification of KNO3 using Recrystallization

In this video, I demonstrate the purification of potassium nitrate using recrystallization.

Extracting Cyanide From Apple Seeds With Hydraulic Press

In this video I crush apples seeds with my hydraulic press in order to see if there is really cyanide in them. In a previous video I crushed apples to make apple juice in my hydraulic press and some people commented that I should be careful because there is cyanide in apple juice. So I wanted to test if that was really the case. So I bought a cyanide test kit and crushed some apple seeds in my hydraulic press. Then I mixed it with some water and used the test kit on it. The results were unsettling! Cyanide causes your cells to be unable to use oxygen due to disruption of the electron transport chain. Send me things to crush at: PO Box 482 North Plains OR 97133 *If you do send me something message me so I know it's coming! Checkout my science channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCA19mAJURyYHbJzhfpqhpCA https://youtu.be/CE0860nIIjE For more awesome crushing videos checkout: Large Steel Jingle Bells Crushed With A Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/ru7UMa2E5pg How Strong Is Human Hair Composite When Crushed In A Hydraulic Press? https://youtu.be/JVSyKRYDTsA Starburst Crushed And Folded With Hydraulic Press Into 64 layers https://youtu.be/yk4WKsgvRc8 Did I Just Make Apple Juice With A Hydraulic Press? https://youtu.be/5sUMJ7DDOBk Final Scene of Terminator 1 Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/CE0860nIIjE Frozen Oobleck Crushed In Hydraulic Press | Non Newtonian Fluid https://youtu.be/6OmEFB8ajw0 Freeze-Dried Astronaut Ice Cream Crushed In Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/aMA6lRnwQj0 Ballistic Gel Crushed By Hydraulic Press And Exploded By Bomb https://youtu.be/30ZKvr8J4DU Crushing A Head With Real Human Hair In Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/C0Kw9ZME3Ws Crushing Cryogenic Frozen Honey With Hydraulic Press! https://youtu.be/8s9ou7inWtQ Giant Hershey's Kiss Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/tjCoSFK56_0 Superglued Legos Crushed By A Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/gdptsvZ4b8c Stress Ball Crushed With A Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/kU6bPjLYuCU Crushing Diamagnetic Bismuth With Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/vbvcDCSAAG4 Tough Elk Antler Crushed With Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/Mj8QXbyCMt0 Toilet Paper Pykrete Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/8geXJC11PdI Can I Turn Graphite To Real Diamond With Hydraulic Press? https://youtu.be/JE_xrzHwLNo Prank Exploding Golf Ball Turns To Powder In Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/hjeSLkJAcVU Peanuts Turned To Peanut Butter By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/LBGLsMv97Ws Welded Kevlar Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/oIIDOwMpjUM Carbon Composite Fiber Tubes Crushed In Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/MrKn8J8naEE Exploding Balls Compilation | Obsidian | Fushigi | Jaw Breaker | Emoji |Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/1l97zk9bkTI Sub-Zero Thor's Hammer Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/NX4MIczTEJA Flammable Magnesium Bar Crushed In Hydraulic Press | Bright White Magnesium Fire! https://youtu.be/hZpyeFnDnfE Pokeball And Real 3,000 Volt Pikachu Pokemon Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/x8tZ4mNiY_8 Frozen Pumpkins Crushed By Hydraulic Press | Scary Halloween Edition https://youtu.be/BIbn82MGK94 Giant Molten Jaw Breakers Crushed With Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/Kezyx-Vd96g Bottle Of Oobleck Crushed By Hydraulic Press | Non-Newtonian Fluid https://youtu.be/LyuvTqY2fk0 Nitinol Shape Memory Alloy Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/YuV4oZHX8Es Obsidian Crystal Ball Crushed By Hydraulic Press | I Cut My Finger https://youtu.be/QB864t4Q5fU Real Venomous Giant Scorpion Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/uD9Iw6iwya0 Water Turned To Wine With Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/-wnh0vgHqII Real Pearls Crushed To Dust In Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/rL0D297fKlI Toilet Paper Turned To Solid Stone In Hydraulic Press With Fan Suggestions https://youtu.be/Y0FSXcBeOs0 Orbeez Balls Extruded With Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/DW_sLaA0nDw Real Bone Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/6nMoYbiNSh4 Emojis Frozen And Wet Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/Sg-YoaR2yH8 Lava Bubbles Turned to Crystals In Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/N_87bRan1wQ Flux Capacitor Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/ynq5E9N32CI Fushigi Ball Explodes In Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/59TGM4sksC8 Welded Sand Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/RWrY4Cj-3CY FiberFix Fiberglass Repaired Pipe Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/cPHrwLZVSpE Magnets And Ferrofluid Crushed By Hydraulic Press https://youtu.be/3PpKKDw_lIk Giant Gummy Bear Crushed By Hydraulic Press Turns Into Glue! https://youtu.be/u9jzJCzD6Kc Gallium Metal Crushed By Hydraulic Press Becomes Liquid Metal https://youtu.be/w3FSVwI9wvI

potassium permanganate fire starting

fire starting

Potassium Permanganate + Sugar + Water

The reaction of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) + sucrose (granulated table sugar) + water. The potassium permanganate is a common oxidizer and the sucrose acts as the carbohydrate (a molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen) fuel source. I suspect that water acts primarily as an intermediary so the two solids will more easily interact. Highly exothermic redox (reduction-oxidation) reaction! Be safe. Don't try at home. Have adult supervision. Always wear proper safety gear.

PASSAT is a constructional, engineering and industrial holding.
More than two decades we are working for the enterprises of mining and chemical industries: supply equipment for new processing plants and modernize existing ones. Today is no exaggeration to say that all the processing plants of Belaruskali, JSC, are using scientific developments of PASSAT holding, embodied in its equipment. They’ve found application in Russian companies too, such as Uralkali and Eurochem.

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